Spearmint: A Bit of Botany
a little botanical information on spearmint

Mentha spicata, commonly known as spearmint, is an herbaceous rhizomatous perennial plant of the Lamiaceae family.

Its sometimes hairless, sometimes hairy stem and foliage grows 30–100 cm in height, with a wide-spreading fleshy underground rhizome. Spearmint leaves, leaves are generally 5–9 cm in length and 1.5–3 cm in width, with a serrated margin. The plant's square-shaped stem is a trademark of the mint family of herbs.

Spearmint produces its pink (or white) flowers in slender spikes, 2.5–3 mm in length and in width.

common names & nomenclature
The name 'spear' mint derives from the pointed leaf tips.

Also known as:
spearmint, mint, brown mint, garden mint, our lady's mint, sage of bethlehem, menthol mint, silver mint, spiremint

Spearmint, the plant with a fresh, minty flavor
Spearmint: Where in the World
habitat and range for spearmint

Mentha spicata, or spearmint, is native to Europe and southwest Asia, but has become naturalized throughout the United States and Canada.

Spearmint: Cultivation & Harvesting
considerations for growing and harvesting spearmint

Spearmint grows well in almost all temperate climates in part shade to full sun.

Grows in wet soils, prefers loamy soils with rich organic content.

Characteristic of many mint species, spearmint can quickly become invasive. As a precaution many gardeners grow it in containers or locations where spreading is not an issue. The plant will grow quickly by seed, however it is most often propagated via division in spring or autumn.

Spearmint leaves should be harvested when it is just coming into flower, and can be dried for later use.

Store dried spearmint leaves and powdered spearmint in an airtight container in a cool, dry place.