Chrysanthemum
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Wholesale Chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemum morifolium
plant overview
chrysanthemum for tea and beauty

Chrysanthemum is a member of the daisy family native to Asia that is familiar to many people as an annual autumn decoration, although some varieties are cultivated as garden perennials. The flowers are used to produce pyrethrum, an organic insecticide that is non-toxic to people and most animals. The flowers are also used to make hair and skin products, including soap. Chrysanthemum flowers are also commonly used in tea blends, and in Korea to produce a rice wine known as gukhwaju.

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Chrysanthemum

01.
A Bit of Botany

a little botanical information on chrysanthemum

description
Chrysanthemum morifolium is a flowering perennial plant from the Asteraceae family. This is a Fall-blooming plant with clusters of flowerheads that bloom over a long period and are available in many colors, including red, orange, yellow, white, and lavender.

They have alternately arranged leaves divided into leaflets with toothed or occasionally smooth edges. The compound inflorescence is an array of several flower heads, or sometimes a solitary head. The head has a base covered in layers of phyllaries. The simple rows of ray florets are white, yellow or red; many horticultural specimens have been bred to bear many rows of ray florets in a great variety of colors. The disc florets of wild taxa are yellow. The fruit is a ribbed achene.

common names & nomenclature
The name "chrysanthemum" is derived from the Greek words chrysos (gold) and anthemon (flower).

Also known as:
ju hua, chrysanthemum flowers, mum, hardy garden mum, florist mum, garden mum

Chrysanthemum, the daisy for tea and beauty

02.
Where in the World

habitat and range for chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemums are native to Asia and northeastern Europe. Most species originate from East Asia, though the plant can be seen in many gardens in Eastern North America. In China, where the plant is called Ju Hua, chrysanthemum has been grown and cultivated for thousands of years for tea making. Chrysanthemum, together with bamboo, the plum blossom, and the orchid, collectively comprise The Four Gentlemen or The Four Noble Ones. The plant is so highly revered in China that it has been celebrated with an annual festival since the Song Dynasty, which spanned from 960 until 1279 AD.

Chrysanthemums prefer 5-6 hours of full sun, though they prefer to grow in cooler weather than other bright blooms. They flourish in more dry soil since they are susceptible to diseases caused by damp areas or weather. This is why the cooler, dryer parts of Eastern North America and Asia are apt to grow beautiful, colorful chrysanthemums.

03.
Cultivation & Harvesting

considerations for growing and harvesting chrysanthemum

climate
Chrysanthemums can take light shade, although they grow best in full sun.

soil
Chrysanthemums need fertile soil that drains well.

growing
Mums grow best by cuttings or division. Take cuttings in early spring and root in fertile soil with sand on the surface, at 61°F. Place in a cold frame with ventilation and harden off in mid-spring. Can grow on in a greenhouse also until large enough to plant outside. Divide after flowering and plant divisions directly in garden.

harvesting
Harvest chrysanthemum flowers anytime during the blooming period. Dry thoroughly on screens or by hanging stems upside down.

preserving
Store whole dried flower heads (remove stems) in an airtight container in a cool, dry place.

04.
The Rest of the Story

chrysanthemum history, folklore, literature & more

chrysanthemum flowers can bring coolness
The fall brings all kinds of joys—falling leaves, bright colors, and beautiful chrysanthemums. And while these flowers are a joy to look at, there’s more to them than meets the eye. In fact, chrysanthemums have some powerful properties that can make big changes in your health.

If you’re trying to stay cool when you’re in a hot environment, chrysanthemums can keep your body from overheating. They’re an antipyretic, which is a fancy way of saying that they cool the body and fight fevers. Even if you’re not in a hot environment, you can use the flower to help keep a fever down and keep it from returning.

When you’re dealing with skin inflammation, chrysanthemum can also help to cool your skin. Using a poultice of the flower and applying it directly to the skin can help to soothe your skin and take away the hot stinging you may be feeling.

In addition to its fever fighting properties, the chrysanthemum flower can be a benefit to your vision. It’s known to help improve eyesight and help to soothe tired eyes. In today’s world when we spend so much time on the go and staring at screens, chrysanthemum is the perfect solution. And while this flower is good for the eyes, there are also some people who swear by its ability to improve deafness. It’s overall good for the senses.

If you have high blood pressure, you may also want to give chrysanthemum a try. The herb is known to help lower blood pressure. The exact mechanism for this isn’t known at this time. It can also improve the function of your liver. The liver is such an important organ in the body because it detoxifies it. When your liver is functioning the way it should, you’ll enjoy more energy and you’ll even find yourself losing excess weight.

Chrysanthemum is a great herb for people living in hot environments. It’s especially helpful for someone who is going to a hot environment and isn’t used to the major change in temperature. It can actually help you to avoid the symptoms of headache and fever that sometimes come from overexposure to sun and wind.

To use it, you can make an infusion or tea. You can also dip the flower heads in hot water for about 10 minutes and then place them directly on your skin. The powdered flower can be mixed with enough water to make a paste and applied to affected areas.

Formulas and recipes
chrysanthemum tea recipe
-Measure one tablespoon of dried chrysanthemum into a tea ball or bag
-Pour 2 cups of boiling water over the teabag
-Add a teaspoon of honey or other natural sweetener and enjoy!

sparkling chrysanthemum tea limeade recipe
Add 1 cup raw sugar and 2 large pieces of lime zest to 3 cups of water to a saucepan over medium high heat until the mixture comes to a boil
Once the mixture is boiling and the sugar has dissolved, remove from heat and add 2 tablespoons of dried chrysanthemum to the mixture
-Cover the saucepan with a lid and let the dried chrysanthemum steep for 8-10 minutes
-Strain the mixture into a large pitcher and let cool in the fridge for about an hour
-Remove mixture from fridge and mix in 2 cups of fresh lime juice
-Add ice and top the mixture with sparkling water or club soda and enjoy!

for educational purposes only

This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

please be advised: 
Before making any changes to your diet you should always consult with your doctor,
especially if you are pregnant, nursing or have existing conditions.