Beth Root
shopping: one variety
icon image
per 1/4 Pound
icon image
per Pound
Trillium pendulum

beth root

plant overview
earthy beth root

Beth root, also known as Red Trillium and Wake Robin, is a North American perennial herb with a long history of use by Native Americans and early European settlers. In addition to use in herbal tea blends, the dried root is used to make decoctions and tinctures for topical preparations.

Clicking "learn more" next to each variety will take you to individual product pages for details.
Beth root
Where in the World
habitat and range for beth root

Trillium is native to temperate regions of North America.

A Bit of Botany
a bit of botanical information about beth root

Trillium pendulum is a perennial formerly in the family Trilliaceae or trillium family (which is now part of the family Melanthiaceae). It is a smooth herb, has an erect stem of from 10 to 15 inches in height, bearing three leaves, broad, almost rhomboid, and drooping white flowers, terminal and solitary. Grows in the rich soil of damp and shady woodlands, flowering in May and June.

The official description of the rhizome is oblique, globular, oblong or obconical, truncate below, terminated by a small bud surrounded by a sheath of scarious leaf bases annulated by leaf scars and fissured by stem scars. It is from 0.6 to 5 cm. in length, and from 0.6 to 3.5 cm. in width, more or less compressed laterally, rootlet scars in several concentric rows on the underside in the upper portions. Externally yellowish to reddish brown; internally of a pale yellow; fracture somewhat uneven with a more or less spongy appearance. Odor is distinct; taste is bitter and acrid.

common names
& nomenclature

Trillium is named (from Latin, tri = three) for the three green sepals and three larger petals.

Also known as:
birthroot, coughroot, wake-robin, ground lily, nodding, pariswort, indian balm, rattlesnake root, snakebite, jew's harp plant, milk ipecac, trillium, three-leaved nightshade, indian shamrock, and lamb's quarters

Cultivation & Harvesting
considerations for growing beth root

Beth root rows best in full to partial shade in woodland areas.

Grows in rich, moist soil that is neutral to slightly acidic.

Trilliums are readily propagated by division. Plants can be grown from seed, but it can take up to two years for fresh seed to germinate and another five to seven years for plants to bloom. The best time to plant and divide trilliums is when they are dormant in late summer and early fall.

In nature, Trillium seeds are spread via ants. Ants are attracted to the fleshy covering of the seed (that contains fats and lipids) and ants can transport the seeds far from the parent plant.

Sow fresh seeds in a seed-starting soil mix and cover with a layer of washed, coarse sand to prevent algae growth. Trillium seed require a double dormancy, a warm-cold-warm period and a second warm-cold-warm period. If seed are planted and left outdoors, they usually begin germination during the second year. Check frequently during dry periods for soil moisture and do not allow the soil to become dry. Depending upon the species, it will usually require 3-5 years before flowering occurs.

Fresh leaves and root (rhizome) can be harvested in Spring.

Note on Collecting Seed or Plants: Some species of trillium are listed as threatened or endangered and collecting these species may be illegal.

The root should be dried fully, can be sliced or ground for future use. Store in a cool, dry place.

The Rest of the Story
beth root history, folklore, literature & more

beth root for a healthy birth
Beth root, also known as birthroot, has been used by Native American for many years. It's actually been used historically for many health issues. But its main use has been for women's health.

Previous uses of Beth root include using poultices for ulcers, tumors, and other skin disorders. It was also used to treat problems with the digestive system such as diarrhea and dysentery. In addition, Beth root was used to treat problems with nosebleeds and other hemorrhages.

Beth root was also used to treat breathing problems resulting from chronic respiratory infections. It was also applied to snakebites and insect bites to help treat the skin. Gangrene was also once treated by Beth root because it was thought to bring blood to the surface and restore circulation.

Beth root is known to help control bleeding. As a result, it's been used to induce childbirth and to help move labor along. It's also been used to treat menstrual problems such as irregular and heavy bleeding.

Modern research has found that Beth root actually mimics hormones in the body. That is probably why it works to induce labor and regulate menstrual cycles. In fact, while Beth root isn't used for quite as many ailments as it once was, it is used still for childbirth and other female problems.

If you're suffering from an irregular menstrual cycle or excessive bleeding as a result of a fibroid tumor, Beth root may be the herb that will help you the most. You may find that you have fewer problems with irregular hormonal problems and bleeding by adding this to your routine.

Beth root is usually taken as an infusion or a powder. The infusion can be taken once a day. Beet root powder can be taken in a capsule form or sprinkled over food. Another herb, cohosh, is also used to induce labor. However, many people believe that Beth root is a safer alternative.

Unless a healthcare provider is supervising you, you should not take Beth root while pregnant. It could induce labor and cause early childbirth.

While Beth root isn't used as widely as it once was by Native Americans, it's still an important herb to keep in mind. It has a very specific use that other herbs can't quite mimic. It fulfills a need in women's health and is particularly good for those who want to take care of hormonal and menstrual problems without taking synthetic hormones.

for educational purposes only

This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

please be advised: 
you should always consult with your doctor
before making any changes to your diet!!
Welcome to the Monterey Bay Spice Company @

Bulk Herbs & Spices

Monterey Bay Spice Company has been delivering premium bulk herb botanicals, spices, teas, seasonings and much more for over eighteen years...

Farm Fresh Goods

Most all of our botanicals are sourced directly from the farmers and growers — this allows us to provide you with premium products at competitive prices

Co-Packing & Private Label

In addition our blending and milling services allow us to provide full-service co-packing solutions and private label contract packaging services to companies of all sizes

© 2017 Monterey Bay Spice Company, Inc.